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The word cigar is to cigarette as the word organ is to what?




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Answer: organelle

Etymology-wise, a cigarette is a little cigar and an organelle is a little organ.

The word organelle - which derives from the Greek organon, that with which one works (i.e. a tool) - denotes the parts of a cell, such as mitochondria and ribosomes, that perform specific functions; the analogy is to the way our bodily organs perform specific bodily functions.

Note that Bacon called the scientific method the Novum Organum, the new tool.

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With respect to the musical instrument the "organ"... there was a medieval relative (portable) known as the "organetto" (Check using Google, please: yourdictionary.com's usual English dictionary lacked this word:()... Please note that no small *musical instrument* is an "organelle" (Sorry to say, I had forgotten "organelle" from Biology courses over 20 years ago:(.).
ewkent at &0yahoo.com
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Darn. I was going for the musical instrument... I was going for 'piano' 'celeste' etc. I could have had organelle if I was thinking biology rather than rythmn and blues! Could you consider eliminating this sort of ambiguity by giving some info in the question? That way, it is my language skills that are being tested, not my luck in determining which of two or more options you are after... Thanks for the fun! -- Joseph
jromain at &&omc.ca
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Yay! I finally got one right without smoke coming out of my ears! Thanks for the biology related question. :)
ebmty at &&yahoo.com
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I knew that one! :-) I may be an English major, but my hubby is a scientist and I get some things by osmosis!
CMarsch786 at aol.com
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"organette" is also a word according to the OED Online. It is a small version on the musical instrument. BTW, I knew "organelle"...

Good point. It seems that this question, as it stands, is a dud: a key rule of MooT is that there can only be one correct answer. A way to make it more precise would be, perhaps, to rephrase it thus: Biology- and etymology-wise, etc. Cheers
stewartc at &&mcmaster.ca
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It's a weak analogy: a large version of a cigarette is a cigar. An organelle is a subcellular structure that has a specialized function. One might argue that a stronger analogy would be cigar:cigarette:: organ:cell.

The analogy pertains to the way the words were formed: the word and its diminutive. The word cell was not formed as a diminutive of the word organ. Cheers.

A cell is the smallest unit that does the same thing that the organ does--a quantum of the work, if you will. An organelle does only a small part of the work: a mitochondrion does respiration and makes ATP (energy currency for a cell); a ribosome makes protein molecules. In neither case do either alone do all the things the organ does, only a small part of it. A cigarette does the same thing a cigar does, it just usually does less of it, and with slightly different tobacco.
coyote at alum.mit.edu
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