In Greek it means "leader" and it
was originally used to describe the relationship of Athens to the other Greek
city-states that joined it in an alliance against the Persian Empire; what word
Etymology, Etymology, and more Etymology
as well as grammar, usage, euphemism, slang, jargon, semantics, linguistics, neologism, idiom, cant, and argot.
The critically-acclaimed board game
consists of tough questions about the nuances of the English language.
According to S. Ryan Johansson,
"Hegemony" in this case "mean[t] that [Athens] organized and directed their
combined efforts without securing permanent political power over the
By contrast, according to
the "world-system theory" of Immanuel Wallerstein, the book's final
contributor, "hegemony" means more than mere leadership but less than outright
empire. A hegemonic power is "a state ... able to impose its set of rules on
the interstate system, and thereby create temporarily a new political order."
The hegemon also offers "certain extra advantages for enterprises located
within it or protected by it, advantages not accorded by the 'market' but
obtained through political pressure."
Source: Hegemony or Empire? Niall Ferguson From Foreign
Affairs, September/October 2003 ( http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20030901fareviewessay82512/niall-ferguson/hegemony-or-empire.html
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