What geographical eponym was evoked
by the North-African corsair Khair ad-Din?
Etymology, Etymology, and more Etymology
as well as grammar, usage, euphemism, slang, jargon, semantics, linguistics, neologism, idiom, cant, and argot.
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consists of tough questions about the nuances of the English language.
An eponym is a word or phrase derived
from someone's name. Khair ad-Din's nickname was Red-beard,
which in Italian is Barbarossa; this ultimately derives from
the Greek barbaros, foreign or strange.
According to Bartleby.com:
"Barbarossa (c.1483-1546), having seized Algiers from the Spanish, placed [it]
under Turkish suzerainty [i.e., a position of strong authority, but not quite
control - sort of like Canadian comedy's relationship with the US: we have a
strong authority over American comedy, but we don't as yet have complete
He [then] extended his
conquests to the rest of the Barbary States [Tripoli, Tunisia, Algeria, and
Between 1533 and 1544, as
admiral of the Turkish fleet under Sulayman I [a Turk], he twice defeated
Andrea Doria [an Italian] and ravaged the coasts of Greece, Spain, and
Note: A corsair is either a
Barbary-Coast pirate or a Barbary-Coast pirate ship.
Probably too late to add a comment
on this item and its feedback - no one seemed to pick up on HOW
barba(rossa) is related to barbarian. The
Romans generally went clean shaven, associating all "bearded ones" with
foreigners, i.e. barbarians, the uncivilized and unkempt of the outer
slundgren at warnerpacific.edu
Is Barbarossa a Greek
phrase? I speak Italian and I know it means "red beard" in Italian. I also know
that "beard" ("barba") has Latin roots. So I am surprised it is Greek, as well.
[Mootguy: The word derives from the Latin barbaria,
foreign country, which itself derives from the Greek barbaros,
foreign or strange.]
dmgruberlanguages at yahoo.com
All nice and good, but Barbarossa is not Greek but latin
for "red beard". Just to clear the misconception... John Dask Toronto
[Mootguy: Change made. Thanks for the
jdask at hotmail.com
In response to your comment about "barbaria," are you saying that
"barbarossa" and "barbarian/ous" are etymologically related?
It's not clear from your comment. According to the Online
Etymological Dictionary, they're not. Futhermore, "barbaria" (from which the
name Barbary Coast comes) ultimately derives from the Proto-Indo-European
reduplicative word "barbar," which is "echoic of unintelligible speech of
foreigners (cf. Skt. barbara- "stammering," also "non-Aryan")."
Clearly nothing to do with "red beard" and light years before the
sixteenth century. Nonetheless, the Barbarossa story is
jacko at lycos.com
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