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Which word was coined from the other: surrealism or surreal?

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Answer: surreal

Anything that displays the qualities of surrealism (e.g. tries to make us more conscious of the sub-conscious) is surreal. The word derives from the French surréalisme, beyond realism. It was coined during WWI by Guillaume Apollinaire, then was adopted by Andre Breton as the name of an art movement he launched in 1924 with the Manifeste de Surréalisme.

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