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It derives from the Yiddish gletshn, to slip, and has come to label any problem that causes a system to malfunction; what word is it?

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Answer: glitch

The word glitch is from the German glitschen via the Yiddish gletshn, to slip.

According to : "The term is technical jargon in the electronic hardware world to describe what happens when the inputs of a circuit change. When the inputs are changed, the outputs briefly spike to some random value before settling to the correct value. If the circuit is queried during a glitch, a wildly inaccurate response may result.

From there it acquired a more general sense meaning any malfunction. The term gained popular currency through the US space program - which used electronics heavily. In general print, it dates to John Glenn's 1962 book We Seven."

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