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Originally, a Chinese Communist motto meaning "work together," during WWII it became an American armed-forces slogan meaning "zealous"; what phrase is it?

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Answer: gung-ho

Lt. Col. Evan Carlson developed a strong admiration for the Chinese communists because they fought well against the Japanese, so he set up what he called gung-ho meetings for his own troops - the phrase caught on.

The actual Chinese term is gonghe.

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