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In general, is Mishnah the opposite of Mikra?

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Answer: yes

Oral teaching is Mishnah, written scripture is Mikra.

The word Mishnah - which means "repetition" in Hebrew - denotes the written down oral law and is considered to be the first work of Rabbinic Judaism, redacted in about 200 CE by Judah haNasi (aka Rebbi). Aramaic commentaries on the Mishnah written down over then next three centuries are called the Gemara. Note that Mishnah + Gemara = Talmud. The word Mikra - which means "reading" in Hebrew - is a another name for the Tanakh - i.e., the Hebrew Bible.

Please note that these are draft questions for the board game MooT.
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