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It derives from a Latin word that means "persons belonging to the same family" and it is a translation of a Hebrew word meaning "people or nation." What word is it?

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Answer: gentiles

The word gentile derives from the Latin gentilis, person belonging to the same family.

When the Latin Bible (the Vulgate) was created by translating the Greek Bible (the Septuagint), the word gentiles was used to translate the Greek ethnikos , which itself was use to translate the Hebrew ha goyim, the (non-Jewish) nations. The word goyyim is the plural of the word goy , non-Jew.

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