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In Arabic it literally means "one who has submitted to the will of God." What word is it?

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Answer: Muslim

The words Islam and Muslim both derives from the noun aslama, he resigned or surrendered (himself). Islam is the act of submitting to the will of God; a Muslim, thus, is someone who performs the submission.

Grammatically, the word Muslim is the active participal of aslama, and Islam is the noun of action.

Note: the first OED citation for the word Muslim is from 1615, 1563 for Mussleman. The first cited use of Koran is from 1625.

a. Arab. islQm lit. ‘resignation, surrendering’, inf. noun of aslama ‘he resigned or surrendered (himself)’, spec. ‘he became or was resigned or submissive (to God)’, hence ‘he became or was sincere in his religion’, 4th conjug. of salama ‘he was or became safe, secure, or free’; whence also the words salaam, Muslim, Mussulman.

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